A new report from the Institute for the Study of Women (ISW) finds that in the US, men still make up almost half of the work force.
This is even more surprising when you consider that in 2017, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that only 35 percent of full-time male workers were employed full time, and that only 5 percent of women were.
While women are now a minority of workers in the United States, they still hold a disproportionately large percentage of positions.
According to the report, in the 1980s, the US workforce was only 30 percent female.
In 2016, that number had grown to 59 percent.
But this year, the number of women in the workforce was down by 2 percent.
The decline is especially dramatic among men.
The report found that men made up 57 percent of the workforce in the 2020s, and only 51 percent in 2025.
The majority of women, 65 percent, are employed in jobs that are not primarily managerial, but also require a wide range of skill sets.
According the ISW, these are not the only reasons why men continue to be held back from entering the workforce: They are often less likely to pursue education, and often have lower salaries.
Many of the industries that make up the workforce, like health care, manufacturing, and education, are dominated by men, and these occupations tend to be dominated by older, white, middle-class, and male workers.
And, as I have previously reported, the gender wage gap is widening, with women making on average 78 cents for every dollar a man makes.
When it comes to pay, women are also often paid less than men, because of gender discrimination in the workplace.
The gender wage penalty is a significant factor in explaining why women are less likely than men to enter the workforce.
The ISW found that women are paid 83 cents for each dollar a male worker makes, and this gap is even greater for low-income workers.
This gap in pay is even wider for people of color, especially African-Americans, whose pay is 70 percent less than white workers.
Women earn less than their male peers, too, and they are often denied promotions and pay raises.
This wage gap means that when women do achieve promotions, they may be denied the opportunities for higher pay.
And women also earn less on average than men when it comes time to apply for jobs, according to the ISWs findings.
As for the effects of being a woman in the STEM fields, women often struggle with the same types of workplace issues that men do.
They are more likely to face physical harassment, sexual harassment, and the fear of discrimination, the ISEW found.
And they also face lower pay and lower levels of advancement in many STEM fields.
This report also highlights the many issues that are disproportionately affecting women.
While the ISWW says that women still make more than men in the sciences, engineering, and mathematics, women face more challenges in the areas of childcare, child care, and elder care.
Additionally, women who are employed full- or part-time have less access to childcare and elder and maternity leave than their female counterparts.
Furthermore, according the report: Women have lower access to and experience in many occupations than their peers do.
This means that women in STEM are often at higher risk for experiencing workplace discrimination and underrepresentation in the job market.
These challenges include low career readiness and a high risk of job termination or being laid off, and more.
According to a 2016 study, women earn $11,000 less than the male average in STEM fields when it came to median starting salaries.
Additionally and especially concerning is that the study also found that many women are not offered the same opportunities in STEM as men.
For example, in a 2016 survey, more than a third of the surveyed women said that they were not offered any opportunities in the fields of engineering, mathematics, or computer science.
And when it was pointed out to these women, only about a quarter of the respondents said that these opportunities were offered to them.
This means that the ISWR report points out that while women in many industries, like education, healthcare, and retail, are making progress in opening up new career options for women, these opportunities often do not necessarily translate into career advancement.
While it is encouraging to see that there are more opportunities for women to enter STEM fields and advance their careers, the report notes that there is still much work to be done.
The next step is to get more women involved in STEM.
That is something the ISWF report calls “making STEM a safe place to work.”
If we are going to get this right, we need to be able to share in the gains that women make and the barriers that we face when it is time to move forward.